When somebody has kidney illness, the kidneys are harmed.
According to Dr. Chetan Mahajan, Nephrologist in Pathankot, complete kidney failure takes place when only 10 percent of one’s kidneys are working. Toxins, waste material from meals and body cells, plus fluids which are added in the bloodstream. In the event that extra wastes and liquids are not eliminated, the entire body is affected.
Normal Kidney Diseases
- Excessive protein discharge in urine i.e. Nephrotic Syndrome.
- Infections of urine and kidney e.g. Vescico-Ureteric reflux.
- Diabetic Nephropathy.
- Hypertensive nephrosclerosis
- Kidney stone disease i.e. Obstructive Uropathy
- Adult Polycystic illness, Congenital i.e. by birth
Reasons for Kidney Disease:-
There are several reasons for kidney disease. Some of these are modifiable (diet, life style, painful eye) and some are non modifiable.
Frequently Occurring Ones
Diabetes – can harm the filters of the kidney(glomeruli).
Hypertension – (high blood pressure levels that are not treated) may also damage the little blood vessels (glomeruli). This can cause irreversible kidney failure.
- Glomerulonephritis is disease of the filtration units (glomerul) in the kidney. This affects both kidneys and leads to kidney damage.
- Other conditions such as systemic lupus nephritis may also damage the kidneys.
- An obstruction is any condition where urine cannot pass out from the urethra. The obstruction causes it to be troublesome for the kidneys to flush out wastes and fluids leading to accumulation of toxins and fluids. This may be because of the kidney stone or a birth defect of the urine tract.
- Kidney infection is the most typical condition associated with a region that is urinary. Cystitis is a bladder infection and causes urgent passage of unine, burning in urine and fever. If left untreated, it may result in kidney infection.
- Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection and the symptoms include fever, back discomfort, and chills.
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a hereditary disease and can cause renal failure. When someone has this disease, cysts grow and damage the kidneys. Finally the kidneys enlarge and lead to kidney failure.
In the early stage, individuals might not have any symptoms, blood tests and urine examinations, are essential to detect the disease especially if there is family history of this disease.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
If the kidneys fail, waste products will remain in the blood. This could lead to exhaustion, nausea, vomiting, loss of desire for eating, itching, and/or sleep that is disturbed.
The kidneys when not functioning may make less urine, which could cause the extra build-up of fluid in the human body. It is called edema. Individuals with this nagging issue could have swelling in their entire body more on face /legs. You will gain body weight and will find it difficult to work.
Low levels of haemoglobin is known as anemia. Individuals with anemia feel weak and severely exhausted. A hormone named as erythropoeitin is injected to increase the level of haemoglobin.
Whenever kidneys are not working to cleanse the blood, waste material known as toxins will build up in the body system. This could cause tiredness, loss of desire for food, and may result in the person’s skin feel itchy.
Other symptoms of kidney disease
- Reduction in frequency of urination
- Confusion or drowsiness
- Swelling around the eyes
- Diminished interest in sex Feeling
Dr. Chetan Mahajan is a famous Kidney Specialist in Pathankot who treat all kidney related problems.