What are the kidneys?
Function of the kidneys?
  • Excretion of nitrogenous waste products from the body.
  • Maintenance of Hb (Hemoglobin) level.
  • Maintenance of strength of bones by keeping the blood Calcium levels normal.
What functions do healthy kidneys perform?
  • They balance the body’s water content.
  • They eliminate waste elements from the blood. Waste elements originated from body cells and meals which are consumed.
  • They help keep body chemicals in balance.
  • The kidneys work hard to remove extra waste and fluid from your body.
  • Consider the kidneys as a filtering system. Blood goes all the way to the kidneys and is cleaned. Each day, the kidneys produce about 190 liters of liquid substance and reabsorb all but one to two liter, which comes out as urine.
How does this work?
  • First, the kidney blood vessels stream blood to the kidneys.
  • Then, inside the kidneys, millions of filters called glomeruli clean the blood to make urine.
  • The additional waste elements and additional fluid which is not needed by the body is removed from the blood vessels.
  • The cleaned blood goes back to the body by the kidney blood vessels.
  • The waste elements and excess liquid, known as urine, is carried from the kidneys towards the bladder through the tubes known as ureters.
  • The bladder holds the urine before it is passed from the body system.

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